Today, soaps are made from fats and oils that react with lye (sodium hydroxide). Solid fats like coconut oil, palm oil, tallow (rendered beef fat), or lard (rendered pork fat), are used to form bars of soap that stay hard and resist dissolving in the water left in the soap dish.
"The cold process method" is the most popular soap making process today. Some soap makers use the hot process, which was much more significant in the past .
Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three ingredients to become soap: oil (animal or vegetable oil, not petroleum-based oil), water and lye. These three ingredients, mixed together in correct proportions, combine and chemically change into soap – a process called "saponification".
Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three things to become soap: oil, water and lye. It is the chemical reaction between these ingredients that turns .
Soap is a combination of animal fat or plant oil and caustic soda.. . of alkali to form soap. Other ingredients such as abrasives and fragrance are also mixed in.
Soap is a cleaning agent made by combining an alkaline substance with fats.. A variety of ingredients can be used to make soap, and the ingredient type .
There are tons of recipes available for soapmaking, using a wide variety of ingredients. This is my recipe to make an all-vegetable soap using a few common oils .