Today, soaps are made from fats and oils that react with lye (sodium hydroxide). Solid fats like coconut oil, palm oil, tallow (rendered beef fat), or lard (rendered pork fat), are used to form bars of soap that stay hard and resist dissolving in the water left in the soap dish.
Handcrafted soaps made from scratch require three ingredients to become soap: oil (animal or vegetable oil, not petroleum-based oil), water and lye.
"The cold process method" is the most popular soap making process today.. of fat is used to consume the alkali, and in that the glycerin is not harvest out.
When dissolved in water, it breaks dirt away from surfaces. Through the ages. or skin ointment. But today we generally use soap as a cleanser or perfume.
Every bar of soap in the world is made with an acid (fat) and an alkali (lye).. Here at Moon River Soap Company we define natural as being made from nature .